"For Europeans, it is striking that the adverb qhipa means both “behind” and “future”, whereas ñawpa means “ahead, in front” and “past”. This means that local and temporal concepts of adverbs in Quechua (as well as in Aymara) are associated to each other reversely compared to European languages. For the speakers of Quechua, we are moving backwards into the future (we cannot see it – i.e. it is unknown), facing the past (we can see it – i.e. we remember it)."